The Egyptian Temple of Esna, south of Luxor.
Erected in the Ptolemaic Period, this temple was the last Egyptian temple to be decorated with hieroglyphic texts.
The site was an important cultural center in the Ptolemaic Period, although archaeological evidence dates from as early as the Middle Kingdom. […] It was erected in the Ptolemaic Period and enlarged with a hypostyle hall, decorated mainly in Roman times. The temple was dedicated to an androgynous, nameless, omnipotent creator god, which manifested itself as both the male god Khnum/ Khnum-Ra and the female deity Neith.
Nothing more than the hypostyle hall has survived from the temple. Its walls are decorated with some unique ritual scenes, such as the dance of the pharaoh before the gods, and the catching of fishes and birds with a clap net. The temple’s columns, decorated mainly with inscriptions, display the only temple ritual known from ancient Egypt that is preserved in its entirety. The inscriptions are written in Middle Egyptian with some Demotic influence.
[…] The existing temple of Esna was built during the reign of Ptolemy V (205-180 BCE) and decorated by his successor, Ptolemy VI (180-145 BCE), during that ruler’s coregency with Ptolemy VIII and Cleopatra II (170-163 BCE).
-UCLA Encyclopedia of Egyptology.
The shown relief in the fourth photo is from the north side of the temple, and shows Roman emperor Trajan subduing the enemies of Egypt -a traditional Pharaonic image in Egyptian art.
Photos taken by Brian Ritchie.